Welcome to Wheel & Caster 101, where you can find all the information you need to figure out which wheel or caster you need for your project.

We’re always updating this resource, so if you don’t see what you’re looking for, let us know!

Industrial Casters
Furniture Casters
Wheels
Glides

Video tutorials

We put together some quick videos that can help answer many of the basic questions that come up when selecting wheels and casters.

Industrial Casters

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Nothing makes heavy jobs easier than the right casters. Whether you just need to move a tool box around your garage, or to move heavy equipment around your warehouse, industrial casters are the right tool for the job. Here’s the basics on how to determine the correct caster for your needs:

Understanding industrial caster capacity

When you calculate the required capacity of your casters, there are two areas you will need to consider: Safety and rollability.

Safety: When installing casters, safety should always be of utmost importance. An overloaded caster can fail and cause the load to become unstable.  This can result in damage to the load if it overturns and injury to people.  Make sure you do not load your casters beyond their rated capacity.

Roll-ability: When you begin approaching the maximum load capacity of a caster, the ease of rolling your load may drastically reduce. The wheel compound you choose will affect the roll-ability.  If your are using a wheel with a harder compound, the roll-ability will probably not reduce much.  However if you are using a softer compound, as you reach the load capacity of your cart or piece of equipment, it will become very hard to maneuver.

To calculate caster capacity, take the total weight of your load divided by the number of casters you will use to carry the load.  It’s that simple!  Make sure you include the weight of any cart you are using.

Example – A cart with 4 casters:

Load weight = 1,500 lbs
Cart weight  =  100 lbs
Total weight = 1,600 lbs
1,600 lbs / 4 casters = 400 lbs per caster

How to measure industrial casters

Whether you are replacing a caster or installing new casters, considering the overall height of the caster is important, as the height of the caster will affect the height of the chair, cart or whatever it is ultimately attached to.  Overall height is the combined measurement of the wheel itself and the frame it is mounted in. Plate casters can be measured from where the wheel touches the ground to the surface of the plate. Stem casters should be measured from the ground point to the base of the stem (the stem is inserted into a mounting, and therefore does not affect the height of what it is attached to). If you are replacing casters, you will probably want to match the height of what you already have.

 

Wheel measurement is fairly straight-forward and includes both wheel diameter and wheel width.

Wheel Diameter – You can determine the diameter of your wheel by measuring across the face of the wheel.  Wheel sizes available are from 2″ to 20″, giving you many options.  When trying to determine what diameter wheel to use, remember that the bigger the wheel, the easier it rolls.  However, a larger diameter wheel will probably cost more than a smaller diameter wheel of the same material, and may place your cart too high off the ground.

Wheel Width – Wheel width is measured across the tread of the wheel.  Generally, the wider the wheel, the more stable it becomes.  Your load capacity also increases as your tread width widens.  If you are concerned about damaging your floor because of the weight of your cart, a wider wheel will generally spread the load out.  This has the effect of lightening the load that your floor feels.

Wheel Hub Length and Type – The hub length is measured thru the center of the wheel, the hub is the portion of the wheel that fits between the arms of the caster rig. There are two hub styles: Centered and offset. In a centered hub wheel, the hub sticks out an equal amount on both sides of the wheel, where in a offset hub wheel, the hub sticks out further on one side than the other.

When to use brakes and how to select them

Though it would seem the decision to add brakes to a caster would be fairly simple, there are actually a couple of things to consider. You can add a brake to a swivel caster, but not to a rigid caster. Also, there are different brake styles available. The two different styles are specific to a particular caster type and cannot be interchanged.

The side brake locks only the wheel, but the swivel action of the caster is not locked. While effectively braking the cart, the cart can still move around a few inches because of the swivel action of the caster. The “total lock” brake locks both the wheel and the swivel action.

Brakes are designed to be engaged and disengaged with your foot. You can use your hands, but it is inconvenient to bend over and safety is a concern because there are places your hand can be pinched.

If you only want to keep your cart from rolling away, brakes on two of the casters may be all you need. If you need to keep your cart completely still, you should use total lock casters, which lock both the wheel and the swivel action. These can be used on a cart with four swivels, or with two swivels and two rigid casters.

Side Brake – The traditional style side brake has a lever on the side of the wheel that must be activated to apply the wheel brake. Within the side brake family, there are two different styles. Each style accomplishes the same thing, they both lock the wheel only, and not the swivel. The first style is the rollock brake. This brake uses an arm that is activated by the foot lever which makes face contact with the wheel and effectively stops it from rolling. The second style is the side friction brake. This brake used the foot lever to compress the axle hub together onto the wheel keeping it from rolling.

Total Lock Brake – While other brakes lock the wheel only, this brake locks not only the wheel, but also keeps the swivel from turning. These are a great choice when safety is important, such as on a piece of power equipment, as it helps to keep the equipment completely still.

How to select bearings

While bearing style is sometimes only a personal preference, there are times that choosing the correct bearing for your particular application is important. Many casters do not give you a choice of bearing, so you may need to choose a different caster if bearing choice is important.

Plain Bearing – In a plain bearing, the hub material is actually the bearing. The wheel rotates on a steel axle and is the most economical bearing application.

Roller Bearing – Normally this is a two-piece bearing, consisting of a roller assembly and a hardened outer race. The split-sleeve bearing consists of an outer raceway of hardened spring steel with a hardened roller and cage assembly. A full caged bearing assembly consists of a fully encased outer raceway with a hardened roller and cage assembly. All roller bearings operate in conjunction with a hardened shaft called a spanner.

 

Ball Bearing – This is a unique stamped construction that has a one-piece outer raceway, which is cold-rolled and formed to a close tolerance ball groove. The inner raceway is machined and hardened. The bearing is shielded and grease packed. These bearings will react to thrust loading and considerable radial load.

 

Delrin Bearing – Delrin is a registered trademark of Dupont; this is an acetal resin molded into a flange type bearing. The bearing is press fitted into the hub of the wheel and is rotated around a hardened spanner. This bearing has high mechanical strength, high impact, low static, and dynamic coefficients of friction, with a wide use temperature range (-40 degrees to +230 degrees F).

 

Precision Bearing – This type of sealed precision bearing consists of a hardened outer raceway and inner raceway, separated by a concentric ring of hardened steel balls. This bearing is used in pairs and is usually press fitted into a deep pocket of a wheel that has high load and high speed capabilities. This type of bearing is primarily used to carry radial loads only.

 

 

Bearing Spanner – The spanner is used when you need to make a reduction from the inside diameter of the wheel bearing to accommodate your axle size. Typically, a spanner is used to reduce from a ¾ inch bearing I.D. to a ½ inch, or 5/8 inch axle size. You can also use a spanner to reduce from a ½ inch bearing I.D. to a 3/8 inch axle size.

Choosing a tread material

Wheel tread material (or compound) can be a large and rather complex issue. Multiple options are available. First you must determine your load capacity, then the type of floor you will be rolling on.  The environment you are working in can have an affect on your choice as well.  If there is high heat, greasy floors, caustic materials, etc., there are special compounds for many special applications.

First, a quick note on hub material:

Hub Material – The hub on a caster wheel is much like the wheel on your vehicle, where as the tread is like the tire. Caster wheel hubs are made from many different materials. The 3 most common are Steel, aluminum, and poly. Steel will normally always give you the highest capacity, but hub material is normally more of a preference than anything.

The following compounds are listed generally from softest to hardest.

Pneumatic – This wheel provides a cushioned ride for delicate instruments and breakable items. the tube-type, pressurized tire combines shock absorption with quiet operation and easy rolling. Standard with ball bearings.

 

 

 

Dyna-Tred TPR – Thermoplastic rubber resists chemicals, caustics, oils, acids, and wear. Rugged polypropylene hub won’t dent, mar, fade or stain. Tread and hub are double bonded and mechanically interlocked to eliminate tread separation. Gives dollies, carts and trucks a soft and cushioned non-marking ride. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +180 degrees F. Durometer is 70A.

 

 

Soft Rubber – This composition rubber wheel combines a soft rubber tread with a hard rubber core for quiet movement, a cushioned ride, and maximum floor protection. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +158 degrees F. Durometer is 75A.

 

 

Mold-on Rubber – Cushioned rubber tread permanently vulcanized to a semi-steel core is recommended for quiet movement with heavy loads. Molded core provides added strength with a reinforced, double-thick hub. Vulcanized rubber-tread wheels are standard with roller bearings. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +159 degrees F. Durometer rating is 75A.

 

 

Polypropylene – This polypropylene wheel has a light weight, low cost, high impact strength. It resists water and chemical absorption, even stands up to repeated steam cleaning. Non-marking tread provides excellent floor protection. Polypropylene makes the strongest, longest lasting, and most economical wheel in many caster applications. It’s available with plain or roller bearings. Temperature operating range is -20 degrees F to +180 degrees F. Durometer is 60D.

 

 

Dyna-Tred PU Wheels – Polyurethane tread for high load capacity and extended wear. Protects floors and resists chemicals, caustics, acids, and oils. Rugged polypropylene hub will not dent, mar, fade, or stain. Tread and hub are mechanically interlocked to eliminate tread separations. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +180 degrees F. Durometer is 90A.

 

 

Mold-on Polyurethane – Polyurethane tread permanently attached to a metal core delivers a cushioned ride, excellent mobility, and extended life under extremely heavy loads.  Duro-Tred wheels protect floors and loads better and will wear four to ten times longer than other wheel materials. Standard with roller bearings. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +180 degrees F. Durometer rating is 95A in standard.

 

 

Thermoplastic – Reinforced Thermoplastic material and specific processing create this high performance, durable, and cost effective wheel. The RT series of wheels, designed for use in the Faultless brand 1400 and 400 Series Casters, are ideally suited for food processing, tool storage, sanitary maintenance, and applications requiring easy mobility under heavy loads. They are extremely resistant to water, chemical absorption, and steam cleaning. Standard wheel operating temperature range is -20 degrees F to +250 degrees F and the High Temperature version range is -20 degrees F to +480 degrees F. Durometer is 65D.

 

 

Hard Rubber – Hard-rubber molded composition all through, this wheel is impervious to oils, greases, and gasoline. It combines many desirable characteristics: high-loading rating, good mobility, high-impact resistance, and good floor protection. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +158 degrees F. Durometer is 75D.

 

 

Phenolic – Phenolic compound reinforced with macerated fabric makes a high-strength, high-impact wheel resistant to oil, gasoline, even dilute acids. Compression-molded under extreme pressure, these wheels gain a dense uniform consistency. Phenolic wheels are non-marking, non-conductive, and spark-proof. They are available with plain or roller bearings. Will not warp or swell in a temperature operating range of -40 degrees F to +300 degrees F. durometer is 75D.

 

 

Sintered Iron – Powdered iron, compacted and sintered to cast-iron strength, makes a concentric and smooth tread that runs quietly and protects floors. Standard with plain bearings. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +500 degrees F.

 

 

Semi-Steel – Cast iron toughened with steel, this wheel has extremely high load ratings and exceptionally long wear life. It’s recommended for rough wood and concrete floors – a good choice for moving heavy loads in manufacturing and warehousing. Long-life features include a heavy tread and plain or roller bearings. Ideal in extreme operating temperature ranges of -40 degrees F to +800 degrees F with optional high temperature grease.

Choosing an attachment style: Plates vs. stems

Plate – If your mounting options are flexible and you need to keep your expenses down, plate casters, which are available in swivel and rigid, are generally more economical than stem casters. With many different plate sizes available, plate casters may also give you a more stable mounting base.  Plate casters are usually mounted with 4 bolts, but they can be welded on.

Stem – Where space is limited, like on a bench or table leg for instance, a stem caster may be your best option. There are two different types of stem casters: Grip ring and threaded. When measuring a stem caster attachment, always measure the diameter first, and then the length. Example: 3/8 x 1-1/2 = 3/8 inch diameter stem that is 1-1/2 inches in length.

Grip Ring – A grip ring stem caster has a friction or compression ring in the stem and is generally used with a socket of some type.

Threaded – A threaded stem caster has threads on the stem and is intended to go through your material and secured with a nut on the other side.

When making the decision to use stem casters, always remember this one important issue: Stem casters are available in swivel only. There are not stem casters available for rigid applications.

Choosing a caster type: Rigid vs. swivel

Swivel casters turn 360 degrees and provide you with instant response to directional change.

Rigid casters do not turn and are intended for straight back and forth movement.

Rigid casters used in conjunction with swivel casters can provide great mobility. When building a cart, the question you must ask is: “Am I using this cart in tight area’s where quick turning response is a must, or will I be going long distances where steering control is a must?”

4 Swivels – In tight areas where there is not much room to maneuver, four swivel casters might be your best option. This will provide you with instant directional change, making parking easy in limited spaces.  However, using all swivel casters can be harder to control if you are trying to go in a straight line.

2 Swivel, 2 Rigid – If your cart will be used for long distance runs, to gain more control, you probably want to use two swivel casters and two rigid casters. If you place the swivels on one end of your cart and rigids on the other end, it gives your cart easy steering over long distances, and the ability to keep your cart going in a straight line.

 

Furniture Casters

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Need to replace the casters on your office chair or light duty cart? We’ll help you choose the right caster for the job:

Understanding furniture caster capacity

When you calculate the required capacity of your casters, there are two areas you will need to consider: Safety and roll-ability.

Safety: When installing casters, safety should always be of utmost importance. An overloaded caster can fail and cause the load to become unstable.  This can result in damage to the load if it overturns and injury to people.  Make sure you do not load your casters beyond their rated capacity.

Rollability: When you begin approaching the maximum load capacity of a caster, the ease of rolling your load may drastically reduce. The wheel compound you choose will affect the rollability.  If your are using a wheel with a harder compound, the rollability will probably not reduce much.  However if you are using a softer compound, as you reach the load capacity of your cart or piece of equipment, it will become very hard to maneuver.

To calculate caster capacity, take the total weight of your load divided by the number of casters you will use to carry the load.  It’s that simple!  Make sure you include the weight of any cart you are using.

Example – A cart with 4 casters:

Load weight = 1,500 lbs
Cart weight  =  100 lbs
Total weight = 1,600 lbs
1,600 lbs / 4 casters = 400 lbs per caster

How to measure furniture casters

When measuring the overall height needed for your furniture caster, you must first answer this important question:  “Am I using a stem attachment or a plate attachment?”  See the illustration above that shows the proper way to measure the overall height.

Note:  The overall height of the plate attachment will be approximately 1/4″ higher than the stem caster of the same wheel size.  You will need to add 1/4″ to the overall height dimension on the chart to get an actual overall height for a furniture caster with a plate attachment.

When choosing a wheel diameter for your furniture caster, remember this important detail:  The larger the wheel, the easier it rolls.  For instance:  If you are having a difficult time rolling your office chair on a carpeted floor, you may want to go from a 2″ diameter wheel to a 2 -1/2″ diameter wheel caster.  The illustration above shows the difference in measuring a dual wheel furniture caster, verses a ball caster.  Note:  When measuring a ball caster wheel with a rubber tread, always measure to the outside of the rubber.

Brakes on furniture casters

Brakes on furniture casters is not very common, but they are available. Most furniture casters have a dual wheel made of either plastic or urethane. The brake option for these has a lever on the hood of the brake which when activated, locks both wheels.

Understanding housings and hood types

When choosing a particular hood style on your furniture caster, there are a couple of things you need to consider:  What materials are available, and do you have a color preference.

Hood material – There are two different hood materials available:  Plastic and metal.  If you are looking for a stronger and more durable furniture caster, you probably want to use a metal hood caster.  If cost is an issue, and strength and durability are not that important for your application, you might consider using a plastic hood furniture caster.

Hood Color – There are a number of different hood colors available to meet your needs when trying to make your piece of furniture look attractive.  In a plastic hood furniture caster black is the only color available.  However if you choose a metal hood furniture caster, you can choose one of the following colors:  Chrome, black or brass.

Choosing a wheel style

When deciding on a wheel style for an office chair or a piece of furniture, once again personal preference plays a large role.  There are three different styles of furniture casters available:  Dual wheel, single wheel, and ball.

Dual wheel – Dual wheel furniture casters are most commonly found on office chairs, but can be used in all other furniture applications.

Single wheel – Single wheel casters are commonly used in the medical industry for carts, IV poles, etc.  But are also found on office chairs and other furniture applications.

Ball casters – Ball casters are most generally found on home furniture such as sofa’s, chairs and beds, but they too can be used in any other furniture application desired.

Choosing a tread material

When choosing a wheel compound for your furniture caster, there is one important question to ask:  What type of floor will I be rolling my caster on?  You can choose from two different tread compounds, depending on your floor style.  Plastic and urethane.

Plastic – A plastic wheel caster is generally used if you are rolling your chair or piece of furniture on a carpeted area or an area that has some other form of floor proctection (example: a chair mat).  A plastic wheel caster may also be used on cement floors or other types of flooring that marking is not an issue.

Urethane – Urethane furniture casters are generally used on your chair or other pieces of furniture when you are concerned about marking your floor.  These casters work great for hardwood, tile, linoleum, and freshly painted surfaces or any other flooring you are interested in protecting.  In addition to being non-marking, it also rolls very quietly.

Choosing an attachment style: Plates vs. stems

When determining which attachment style to use for your furniture caster, you should first answer this question:  Am I replacing an existing caster on my piece of furniture or am I adding new casters.

Replacing existing casters – If you are replacing an existing caster it is normally easier to replace it with what came off of the piece of furniture. First, you must remove the caster and determine if it is attached by a plate or a stem. If it is attached with a plate mount, you can simply measure the plate and order a new caster and attachment that will match. If it is mounted with a stem attachment, you must determine what type of stem attachment you have. There are three different styles of stem attachments: Grip ring, grip neck, and threaded. When measuring a stem caster attachment, always measure the diameter first, and then the length. Example: 3/8 x 1-1/2 = 3/8 inch diameter stem that is 1-1/2 inches in length.

Once you have determined what style of attachment you have, simply take a measurement of the attachment and order accordingly.

Adding new casters – When adding new casters to a piece of furniture, attachment style becomes more of a personal preference than anything.  In some applications a plate mount maybe the easiest solution.  In situations where appearance may be an issue, one of the three stem attachments listed above maybe the way to go.

Wheels

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Just need a wheel? No problem! If your caster housing is intact and you just need to replace the wheel, or if you’re looking for a larger wheel for a garden cart or wheelbarrow, we’ve got you covered. Here’s the basics on how to select the right wheel for your application:

Understanding wheel capacity

When you calculate the required capacity of your wheels, there are two areas you will need to consider:  Total capacity and roll-ability.

Total Capacity:  When using wheels by themselves, (without the swivel or rigid horn), or when replacing a wheel in a caster horn you must always remember to figure out your total capacity needs.  Generally, a wheel by itself will have a greater load capacity then a wheel in a swivel or rigid horn.  To figure your total capacity you can once again take your total weight and divide by the number of wheels you intend on using.  While there is factory safety factors built into wheel capacity’s, it is still important not to overload your wheels for safety reasons.

Rollability:  When you begin approaching the maximum load capacity of a wheel, the ease of rolling your load may drastically reduce. The wheel compound you choose will affect the roll-ability.  If you are using a wheel with a harder compound, the roll-ability will probably not reduce much.  However if you are using a softer compound, as you reach the load capacity of your cart or piece of equipment, it will become very hard to maneuver.

How to measure wheels

Wheel measurement is fairly straight-forward and includes both wheel diameter and wheel width.

Wheel Diameter – You can determine the diameter of your wheel by measuring across the face of the wheel.  Wheel sizes available are from 2″ to 20″, giving you many options.  When trying to determine what diameter wheel to use, remember that the bigger the wheel, the easier it rolls.  However, a larger diameter wheel will probably cost more than a smaller diameter wheel of the same material, and may place your cart too high off the ground.

Wheel Width – Wheel width is measured across the tread of the wheel.  Generally, the wider the wheel, the more stable it becomes.  Your load capacity also increases as your tread width widens.  If you are concerned about damaging your floor because of the weight of your cart, a wider wheel will generally spread the load out.  This has the effect of lightening the load that your floor feels.

Wheel Hub Length and Type – The hub length is measured thru the center of the wheel, the hub is the portion of the wheel that fits between the arms of the caster rig. There are two hub styles: Centered and offset. In a centered hub wheel, the hub sticks out an equal amount on both sides of the wheel, where in a offset hub wheel, the hub sticks out further on one side than the other.

How to select bearings

Plain Bearing – In a plain bearing, the hub material is actually the bearing. The wheel rotates on a steel axle and is the most economical bearing application.

Roller Bearing – Normally this is a two-piece bearing, consisting of a roller assembly and a hardened outer race. The split-sleeve bearing consists of an outer raceway of hardened spring steel with a hardened roller and cage assembly. A full caged bearing assembly consists of a fully encased outer raceway with a hardened roller and cage assembly. All roller bearings operate in conjunction with a hardened shaft called a spanner.

 

Ball Bearing – This is a unique stamped construction that has a one-piece outer raceway, which is cold-rolled and formed to a close tolerance ball groove. The inner raceway is machined and hardened. The bearing is shielded and grease packed. These bearings will react to thrust loading and considerable radial load.

 

Delrin Bearing – Delrin is a registered trademark of Dupont; this is an acetal resin molded into a flange type bearing. The bearing is press fitted into the hub of the wheel and is rotated around a hardened spanner. This bearing has high mechanical strength, high impact, low static, and dynamic coefficients of friction, with a wide use temperature range (-40 degrees to +230 degrees F).

 

Precision Bearing – This type of sealed precision bearing consists of a hardened outer raceway and inner raceway, separated by a concentric ring of hardened steel balls. This bearing is used in pairs and is usually press fitted into a deep pocket of a wheel that has high load and high speed capabilities. This type of bearing is primarily used to carry radial loads only.

 

 

Bearing Spanner – The spanner is used when you need to make a reduction from the inside diameter of the wheel bearing to accommodate your axle size. Typically, a spanner is used to reduce from a ¾ inch bearing I.D. to a ½ inch, or 5/8 inch axle size. You can also use a spanner to reduce from a ½ inch bearing I.D. to a 3/8 inch axle size.

Choosing a tread material

Wheel tread material (or compound) can be a large and rather complex issue. Multiple options are available. First you must determine your load capacity, then the type of floor you will be rolling on.  The environment you are working in can have an affect on your choice as well.  If there is high heat, greasy floors, caustic materials, etc., there are special compounds for many special applications.

First, a quick note on hub material:

Hub Material – The hub on a caster wheel is much like the wheel on your vehicle, where as the tread is like the tire. Caster wheel hubs are made from many different materials. The 3 most common are Steel, aluminum, and poly. Steel will normally always give you the highest capacity, but hub material is normally more of a preference than anything.

The following compounds are listed generally from softest to hardest.

Pneumatic – This wheel provides a cushioned ride for delicate instruments and breakable items. the tube-type, pressurized tire combines shock absorption with quiet operation and easy rolling. Standard with ball bearings.

 

 

 

Dyna-Tred TPR – Thermoplastic rubber resists chemicals, caustics, oils, acids, and wear. Rugged polypropylene hub won’t dent, mar, fade or stain. Tread and hub are double bonded and mechanically interlocked to eliminate tread separation. Gives dollies, carts and trucks a soft and cushioned non-marking ride. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +180 degrees F. Durometer is 70A.

 

 

Soft Rubber – This composition rubber wheel combines a soft rubber tread with a hard rubber core for quiet movement, a cushioned ride, and maximum floor protection. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +158 degrees F. Durometer is 75A.

 

 

Mold-on Rubber – Cushioned rubber tread permanently vulcanized to a semi-steel core is recommended for quiet movement with heavy loads. Molded core provides added strength with a reinforced, double-thick hub. Vulcanized rubber-tread wheels are standard with roller bearings. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +159 degrees F. Durometer rating is 75A.

 

 

Polypropylene – This polypropylene wheel has a light weight, low cost, high impact strength. It resists water and chemical absorption, even stands up to repeated steam cleaning. Non-marking tread provides excellent floor protection. Polypropylene makes the strongest, longest lasting, and most economical wheel in many caster applications. It’s available with plain or roller bearings. Temperature operating range is -20 degrees F to +180 degrees F. Durometer is 60D.

 

 

Dyna-Tred PU Wheels – Polyurethane tread for high load capacity and extended wear. Protects floors and resists chemicals, caustics, acids, and oils. Rugged polypropylene hub will not dent, mar, fade, or stain. Tread and hub are mechanically interlocked to eliminate tread separations. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +180 degrees F. Durometer is 90A.

 

 

Mold-on Polyurethane – Polyurethane tread permanently attached to a metal core delivers a cushioned ride, excellent mobility, and extended life under extremely heavy loads.  Duro-Tred wheels protect floors and loads better and will wear four to ten times longer than other wheel materials. Standard with roller bearings. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +180 degrees F. Durometer rating is 95A in standard.

 

 

Thermoplastic – Reinforced Thermoplastic material and specific processing create this high performance, durable, and cost effective wheel. The RT series of wheels, designed for use in the Faultless brand 1400 and 400 Series Casters, are ideally suited for food processing, tool storage, sanitary maintenance, and applications requiring easy mobility under heavy loads. They are extremely resistant to water, chemical absorption, and steam cleaning. Standard wheel operating temperature range is -20 degrees F to +250 degrees F and the High Temperature version range is -20 degrees F to +480 degrees F. Durometer is 65D.

 

 

Hard Rubber – Hard-rubber molded composition all through, this wheel is impervious to oils, greases, and gasoline. It combines many desirable characteristics: high-loading rating, good mobility, high-impact resistance, and good floor protection. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +158 degrees F. Durometer is 75D.

 

 

Phenolic – Phenolic compound reinforced with macerated fabric makes a high-strength, high-impact wheel resistant to oil, gasoline, even dilute acids. Compression-molded under extreme pressure, these wheels gain a dense uniform consistency. Phenolic wheels are non-marking, non-conductive, and spark-proof. They are available with plain or roller bearings. Will not warp or swell in a temperature operating range of -40 degrees F to +300 degrees F. durometer is 75D.

 

 

Sintered Iron – Powdered iron, compacted and sintered to cast-iron strength, makes a concentric and smooth tread that runs quietly and protects floors. Standard with plain bearings. Temperature operating range is -40 degrees F to +500 degrees F.

 

 

Semi-Steel – Cast iron toughened with steel, this wheel has extremely high load ratings and exceptionally long wear life. It’s recommended for rough wood and concrete floors – a good choice for moving heavy loads in manufacturing and warehousing. Long-life features include a heavy tread and plain or roller bearings. Ideal in extreme operating temperature ranges of -40 degrees F to +800 degrees F with optional high temperature grease.

 

 

 

Glides

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Not about that wheel life? A glide might get the job done even better! If you need glides or levels, we’ll help you understand the options so you can select the right size and style:

Choosing a size and base material

When choosing the correct glide for your application, you must consider what size and type of base you will need for your glide.  See above illustration to see how to measure the diameter of the base on your glide.  Note:  The larger the base diameter, the more stable your load will be.  Also, the larger the base the more the load is spread out on your floor.  A larger base will reduce the damage a heavy load might cause to the floor.

We offer two different types of base material:  Nickel plate and Gray rubber.

Nickel Plate – There is a misconception when people think of a nickel plate base for their glide.  The thought is:  “If I have a metal base, it will scratch my floor.”  Actually, a nickel plate base is designed to be used on hardwood and tile floors where marking the floors is a concern.  With such a smooth, non-porous surface, no sand or floor grit is allowed to be trapped in the material and therefore, eliminates the possibility of continuous scratching on the floor, which will cause marking.  A nickel plate base, however will not give any grip, and will slide very freely on your floor.

Gray Rubber – The main attribute of a gray rubber base is that it will keep your load from sliding on the floor too easily.  The gray rubber base is a non-marking material, so it will not mark up your floors.  Although the gray rubber itself will not mark your floors, it can trap sand or grit in the material, and these can scratch your floor.

Measuring and choosing stems

In the threaded stem glide, there are a number of choices available to you.  We have stem diameters ranging from 5/16″ to 1/2″ thread diameter and stem lengths from 1″ to 3″ long. Drill a guide hole and install the stem glide just like a bolt. 

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